12th Zoology

Conservation of Biodiversity

Conservation of Biodiversity

The conservation of biodiversity and the growing human population
are the two great challenges facing our generation and those to follow.

The following strategies are adapted to conserve biodiversity.

a. International Conservation Strategies

Biodiversity should be preserved as the common heritage of all
humans. All species have a right to exist; one strategy considered as a
priority is conserving hotspots around the globe. These are areas
characterized by high concentrations of endemic species and experiencing unusually rapid rate of habit modification loss.There are around 25 hotspots identified from all over the world. (Conservation of Biodiversity)

b. National Conservation Strategies

Several measures like legal measures, in situ and ex situ
conservation efforts, documenting of indigenous knowledge and the
application of science and technology have been taken by Indian
government legislations. India is one of among the 12 Mega biodiversity countries of the world. India was a party to the International Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in May 1994. The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests is co-ordinating an effort to formulate National Biodiversity Action Plan. This is being carried out with the help of several other Government and Non-governmental organizations, and individuals. (Conservation of Biodiversity)

3. Establishment of Bioreserves

A biosphere reserve is a unique concept which includes one or more
protected areas and surrounding lands that are managed to combine both conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. ‘Biosphere Reserve’ is an international designation made by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). It is based on the basis of nominations submitted by countries participating in the Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB). The MAB was launched in 1971 to catalyse a greater understanding and provision of knowledge and skills to support sustainable relationships between people and their environment. Biosphere Reserves act as a keystone of MAB by providing a global network of sites for cooperative research toward this end. As at the end of November 2002, the World Network of Biosphere Reserves included 495 sites in 95 countries. (Conservation of Biodiversity)

Related Topics in Zoology:

Bio Zoology All Important Topics

  1. Human population and explosion

  2. Population Explosion

  3. Growing Population and Environmental impacts

  4. Global warming – Green house effect

  5. Ozone layer depletion

  6. Prevention and Effect of Ozone depletions

  7. Waste management – Classification

  8. Management of hazardous wastes

  9. Management of non hazardous wastes

  10. Waste water treatment and management

  11. Biodiversity

  12. Conservation of Biodiversity

  13. Characteristics of a Bioreserve

  14. Energy crisis and its environmental impact

  15. Steps to be taken to resolve energy crisis

  16. Environmental impacts of Power Sources

  17. Poverty and environment

  18. Fresh water crisis and management

Unit 6. APPLIED BIOLOGY Topic List Zoology

  1. Livestock and Management

  2. Important cattle breeds and their characteristics

  3. Milch breeds (or) Dairy breeds

  4. Dual purpose breeds & Draught breeds

  5. Exotic breeds of cattle

  6. Common diseases and control in Cattle – Contagious diseases

  7. Non-contagious diseases – Cattle

  8. Techniques adopted in cattle breeding

  9. Poultry Breeds

  10. Farming methods

  11. Poultry byproducts

  12. Fish Pond

  13. Edible Fishes Of Tamilnadu

  14. Medical Lab Techniques – Stethoscope

  15. Sphygmomanometer

  16. Haemocytometer

  17. Urine Sugar analysis

  18. ECG Electrocardiogram

  19. Computed Tomography CT

  20. Endoscopy (Laproscopy) techniques , Artificial Pacemaker

  21. Autoanalyser

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