Characteristics of a Bioreserve
It is a land and/or coastal/marine area in which people are an integral
component, and which is managed for objectives, ranging from complete protection to intensive yet sustainable production.
It is a regional centre for monitoring, research, education and training on natural and managed ecosystems. (Bioreserve)
It is a place where government decision makers, scientists, managers and local people cooperate in developing a model programme for managing land and water to meet human needs while conserving natural processes and biological resources.
Finally, each biosphere reserve is a symbol of voluntary cooperation and use resources for the well being of people everywhere.
Bioreserve in India
Tamilnadu has the distinction of having a marine biosphere reserve
viz., the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve and also a hill Biosphere
Reserve, the Nilgiri biosphere Reserve. (Bioreserve)
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve:
The total area is 5,520 sq. km. It is rich in plant diversity. It was
established to conserve in situ genetic diversity of species and restore
degraded ecosystem to its natural conditions. (Bioreserve)
The Gulf of Mannar Bioshere Reserve:
This reserve was one of six areas chosen on the basis of its
threatened status and richness of biological wealth for inclusion into an
action programme to save India’s protected areas for future generations. It encompasses 21 small islands along the coast. It is considered as a ‘biologists paradise’ with 3600 species of plants and animals. (Bioreserve)
The other biosphere reserves of India are: Nokrek (Megalaya),
Namdapha – (Arunachal Pradesh), Nanda Devi – (Uttar Pradesh), Great Nicobar (Andaman & Nicobar islands), 5. Sundarbans (West Bengal):
Project Tiger : This programme was launched in 1973. This is started
with the protection of nine tiger reserves located in different habitats.
Today there are 23 tiger reserves are under this project to look after tiger population and the environment.
Organizations involved in Biodiversity Conservation (Bioreserve)
The organizations involved in biodiversity conservation are 1.World
Wildlife Fund: (WWF) 2.Resources for the Future :(RFF) 3.The
Nature Conservancy: 4. World Resources Institute :(WRI), 5.IUCN
(International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural
Resources), 6.African Wildlife Foundation:(AWF), 7. Genetic
Resources Action International : (GRAIN), 8.International Science
Foundation, 9.The Biodiversity Support Program:( BSP)
Organizations functioning to preserve and safeguard biodiversity in
India : (Bioreserve)
1. National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources in New Delhi.
2. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources at Kamal.
3. National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources in Allahabad.
4. The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests.
5. The Foundation for the Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions (FRLHT)
6.Centre for Ecological Sciences, Bangalore.
7. World Wide Fund for Nature, India.
8. Department of Biotechnology, Government of India (Bioreserve)
Related Topics in Zoology:
- Human population and explosion
- Population Explosion
- Growing Population and Environmental impacts
- Global warming – Green house effect
- Ozone layer depletion
- Prevention and Effect of Ozone depletions
- Waste management – Classification
- Management of hazardous wastes
- Management of non hazardous wastes
- Waste water treatment and management
- Conservation of Biodiversity
- Characteristics of a Bioreserve
- Energy crisis and its environmental impact
- Steps to be taken to resolve energy crisis
- Environmental impacts of Power Sources
- Poverty and environment
- Fresh water crisis and management
Unit 6. APPLIED BIOLOGY Topic List Zoology
- Livestock and Management
- Important cattle breeds and their characteristics
- Milch breeds (or) Dairy breeds
- Dual purpose breeds & Draught breeds
- Exotic breeds of cattle
- Common diseases and control in Cattle – Contagious diseases
- Non-contagious diseases – Cattle
- Techniques adopted in cattle breeding
- Poultry Breeds
- Farming methods
- Poultry byproducts
- Fish Pond
- Edible Fishes Of Tamilnadu
- Medical Lab Techniques – Stethoscope
- Urine Sugar analysis
- ECG Electrocardiogram
- Computed Tomography CT
- Endoscopy (Laproscopy) techniques , Artificial Pacemaker