12th Zoology

Scope of Genetic Engineering – Scope of Bioinformatics

Scope of Genetic Engineering – Scope of Bioinformatics

Scope of Genetic Engineering

i. To manufacture drugs and other life saving bioproducts such as insulin,
growth hormones, interferons, cytokines and monoclonal antibodies.

ii. For environmental management to reduce or abate the pollution load in
soil or water.

iii. In waste recycling to increase productivity.

iv. In plant breeding by the incorporation of useful genes (nif genes = nitrogen
fixing genes).

v. In bringing pest resistance in agriculture crops. (Scope of Genetic Engineering)

vi. And in treatment of diseases by way of gene therapy etc.
Such genetic engineering and biotechnological processes involve
knowledge of enormous number of genes, their cooling and thier protein
sequences. Computers and newly evolved software packages are utilised
for these purposes. Thus biological studies are provided with a support from
electronic computers. This new integrated field constitutes Bioinformatics.

Scope of Bioinformatics

1. Bioinformatics helps to create an electronic database on genomes and
protein sequences from single celled organisms to multicellular organisms.
2. It provides techniques by which three-dimensional models of biomolecules
could be understood along with their structure and function.
3. It integrates mathematical, statistical and computational methods to analyse
biological, biochemical and biophysical data.
4. Bioinformatics deals with methods for starting, retrieving and
analysing biological data such as nuclei acid (DNA/RNA) and protein
sequences, structure, functions pathways and genetic interactions.
5. The computational methods in bioinformatics extend information for probing
not only at genome level or protein level but up to whole organism level, or
ecosystem level of organization.
6. It provides genome level data for understanding normal biological
processes and explains the malfunctioning of genes leading to diagnosing of
diseases and designing of new drugs.


Related Topics in Zoology:

Bio Zoology All Important Topics

  1. MODERN GENETICS Introduction and Scope

  2. Human Genetics – Karyotyping

  3. Karyotyping of Human chromosomes

  4. Genetic Engineering

  5. Tools Of Genetic Engineering

  6. Restriction enzymes – Recombinant DNA Technology

  7. DNA – Segmenting / Fragmenting

  8. Genetic Diseases

  9. Human Genome Project (HGP)

  10. Cloning

  11. Transgenic organisms

  12. Gene Therapy

  13. Bioinformatics

  14. Scope of Genetic Engineering – Scope of Bioinformatics

  15. Database

  16. Genome sequencing

  17. Protein structure


    1. Human population and explosion

    2. Population Explosion

    3. Growing Population and Environmental impacts

    4. Global warming – Green house effect

    5. Ozone layer depletion

    6. Prevention and Effect of Ozone depletions

    7. Waste management – Classification

    8. Management of hazardous wastes

    9. Management of non hazardous wastes

    10. Waste water treatment and management

    11. Biodiversity

    12. Conservation of Biodiversity

    13. Characteristics of a Bioreserve

    14. Energy crisis and its environmental impact

    15. Steps to be taken to resolve energy crisis

    16. Environmental impacts of Power Sources

    17. Poverty and environment

    18. Fresh water crisis and management

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