Oil plant – Groundnut
Its binomial is Arachis hypogea. It belongs to Fabaceae. It is an
annual. The word groundnut derives its name from the fact that its fruits ripe beneath the ground.
The roasted seeds are edible. Oil is extracted from the seeds and used as fine cooking medium.
Vegetable ghee (peanut butter) is also prepared from this oil. The oil cake is fed to the livestock. It is rich in fatty acids and proteins.
- Ground nut oil is one of the important edible oils. It is extensively used in cookery as a salad oil. It is used for the manufacture of vanaspathi.
- Groundnut kernel is rich and cheap source of vegetable protein.
Kernels are eaten, fried and salted and added to a number of dishes.
- Peanut butter is prepared by grinding roasted and blanched kernels.
It is nutritious.
- Groundnut oil is used to a limited extent in soap making.
- Oil is used as illuminant, lubricant.
- Oil cake is used as animal feed and organic manure.
- Groundnut shell is used in the manufacture of activated carbon.
- The groundnut cake is a good cattle feed. The plant after removing
the pod, both dried and fresh is a good cattle feed.
Plant physiology – photosynthesis and its significance
BIOLOGY IN HUMAN WELFARE Introduction & Food production
Aspects of plant breeding and Types
Hybridization in plant breeding
Polyploid breeding, Mutation breeding, Breeding for disease resistance
Genetic engineering, Improved varieties, Role of biofertilizers
Green manuring, Mycorrhiza as biofertilizer
Crop diseases and their control, Rice – Oryza sativa
Groundnut or peanut – Arachis hypogea
Citrus canker, Tungro disease of rice
Biocontrol of insect pests Bacterial pesticides
Bio war, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) in biological warfare
Biopiracy, Bioresources, Biomolecules, Biopatent, Biotechnology
Medicinal plants including microbes
Commonly Available Medicinal Plants
Economic importance of Food plant Rice
Fibre plant – Cotton Economic importance
Timber yielding plant Teak Economic importance