12th botany neet school

Benefits from biofertilizers

Benefits from biofertilizers

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1. Biofertilizers are easy to produce in abundance and are available
at low cost to the marginal farmers.

2. It increases soil fertility without causing any damage to the soil.

3. Application of biofertilizers increases yield upto 45 per cent and
the left over biofertilizers in the soil increases yield as long as the
biofertilizer remains in the soil up to 3 to 4 years.

4. Azolla, which is a biofertilizer amends the soil with organic matter.
Cyanobacteria in particular secrete growth promoting hormones
like indole 3-acetic acid, indole butyric acid, naphthalene acetic
acid, aminoacids, protein and vitamins to soil.

5. Cyanobacteria grow well both in acidic as well as in alkaline soils.
Since, cyanobacteria are potent neutralizers, they help in the
neutralization of soil. The process of converting untenable, fallow
land to cultivable soil is termed as soil reclamation. Blue green
algae play a vital role in this conversion.

6. Symbiotic nitrogen fixing Rhizobium is a biofertilizer. It adds 50
to 150 Kg of nitrogen to soil per hectare. Azatobacter and
Azospirillum secrete antibiotics which act as biopesticides.

7. Ectotrophic mycorrhiza, which acts as a biofertilizer, increases
the surface area of the roots of host plants, so that more absorption
of nutrients by the roots is made possible.

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Other links 

Plant physiology – photosynthesis and its significance

BIOLOGY IN HUMAN WELFARE Introduction & Food production

Aims of plant breeding

Aspects of plant breeding and Types

Hybridization in plant breeding

Polyploid breeding, Mutation breeding, Breeding for disease resistance

Genetic engineering, Improved varieties, Role of biofertilizers

Green manuring, Mycorrhiza as biofertilizer

Crop diseases and their control, Rice – Oryza sativa

Groundnut or peanut – Arachis hypogea

Citrus canker, Tungro disease of rice

Biocontrol of insect pests Bacterial pesticides

Genetically modified food

Bio war, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) in biological warfare

Biopiracy, Bioresources, Biomolecules, Biopatent, Biotechnology

Sustainable agriculture

Medicinal plants including microbes

Commonly Available Medicinal Plants

Microbes in medicine

Economic importance of Food plant Rice

Oil plant Groundnut Economic importance

Fibre plant – Cotton Economic importance

Timber yielding plant Teak Economic importance

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