12th botany neet school

Fibre plant – Cotton Economic importance

Fibre plant – Cotton

Back to botany topic list

Many members of Malvaceae yield fibres. Gossypium barbadense
(Egyptian cotton) and G. hirsutum are some examples for fibre plants.

The seed coat of cotton seeds produce fibres on their external surface. So, it is called as surface fibre.

Almost the entire textile industry depends on this fibre. Cotton is
used in stuffing the pillows and cushions.

It is also used in making rubber tyres, carpets, blankets and cordages are made from cotton.

Economic importance

  • It is a cash crop.
  • It gives three important products: fibre, food and cattle feed.
  • Lint fibre is for clothing which is very much useful in the textile
  • Seed is used for extracting oil. This is also used as vanaspathi.
  • Cotton flour prepared from the seed is used for bread and biscuit
  • Cotton seed cake is used as a good organic manure.
  • Fatty acids obtained from oil is used in the preparation of insecticide,
    fungicidies and plastics, etc.

Back to botany topic list

Other links 

Plant physiology – photosynthesis and its significance

BIOLOGY IN HUMAN WELFARE Introduction & Food production

Aims of plant breeding

Aspects of plant breeding and Types

Hybridization in plant breeding

Polyploid breeding, Mutation breeding, Breeding for disease resistance

Genetic engineering, Improved varieties, Role of biofertilizers

Green manuring, Mycorrhiza as biofertilizer

Benefits from biofertilizers

Crop diseases and their control, Rice – Oryza sativa

Groundnut or peanut – Arachis hypogea

Citrus canker, Tungro disease of rice

Biocontrol of insect pests Bacterial pesticides

Genetically modified food

Bio war, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) in biological warfare

Biopiracy, Bioresources, Biomolecules, Biopatent, Biotechnology

Sustainable agriculture

Medicinal plants including microbes

Commonly Available Medicinal Plants

Microbes in medicine

Economic importance of Food plant Rice

Oil plant Groundnut Economic importance

Timber yielding plant Teak Economic importance

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *