Capture of Power
Under the inspiring leadership of Hitler, the Nazi Party grew in power and number. In the election of 1932′ the Nazi party became the 2″d largest
group in the German Parliament (Reichstag-LowerHouse). ln 1933, the Nazists became the largest party in the German Parliament, and Hitler became the Chancellor and Hindenburg as President.
On the death of President Hindenburg in August 1934, Hitler made himself President and Chancellor.
He abolished the Weimar Republic and proclaimed Third Reich (Empire) with himself as dictator. Thus Hitler became the Fuhrer (Leader) of Germany. Hitler declared,
Achievement of hitler
The Nazis glorified the German State, Hitler boasted about the superiority of the Nordic race which stood for the rise of all the great culture and had utmost contempt for the Semitic Jews.
He wanted to maintain a German race with Nordic elements. He ordered the Jews to be persecuted.
Hitler believed in action, force and terrorism. There was no scope for public liberty. Nazism was an one party state and all other parties were outlawed.
Parliamentary institutions were suppressed and the fundamental rights of the people were denied.
He gave a new status and position to Germany. Federal Nature of the
Constitution was set aside. He created a strong, unified and highly centralized despotic state.
In the economic field, his work was commendable. The war had completely shattered the economic system of Germany. But Hitler put the country on the path of prosperity.
He replaced Trade Unions by the Labour Front which consisted of the representatives from both the employers and the employees. It looked after the general welfare of the workers.
Strikes and lock-outs were outlawed. He made Germany economically self-sufficient in food grains, raw materials and industrial goods.
More lands were brought under cultivation, Scientific methods were introduced.
Defence industries and Rearmament Programme of Hitler gave employment to many people.
Many schools were opened and illiteracy was eradicated. The children were trained in the Nazi culture.
Only Nazi men were appointed as teachers and only Nazi books prescribed for study.
Women occupied a degraded place and they were treated as child bearing machines. All kinds of social organizations were dissolved.
Hitler’s Aggressive Policy
Hitler followed a forward and aggressive foreign policy. His aggressive imperialist policy brought danger and destruction to his country and sufferings and difficulties to the people all over the world.
Hitler introduced conscription and rearmed Germany. He followed the policy of aggression and conquered territories to accommodate the growing population and to accumulate resources.
He pulled Germany out of the League of Nations in 1933. In 1936, he reoccupied Rhine land, the demilitarized zone and violated the Locarno treaty of 1925.
In November 1937 Hitler formed an Alliance with Italy and Japan known as Rome Berlin-TokyoAxis.
He annexed Austria in 1938. When he wanted to annexe Sudetenland from Czechoslovakia, an agreement was signed between Germany and Neville chamberlain, the then Prime Minister of Great Britain at Munich in 1938.
By the Munich pact Germany was allowed to annex the Sudetenland but not to conquer any more territories.
In 1939, Hitler violated the Munich agreement by annexing the whole of Czechoslovakia. It greatly alarmed Britain and France.
Hitler demanded the right to construct a military road connecting East Prussia with Germany through Poland and also the surrender of Danzig.
Hitler sparked the Second World War by declaring war on Poland on 1st Sept. 1939 when Poland refused to consent to the demands of Hitler.
In 1941, Hitler invaded Russia, breaking the Non -aggression pact with Stalin. This invasion failed to achieve the quick triumph that Hitler wanted.
In 1945 the allied forces entered Berlin, Hitler having lost all hopes of success committed suicide in his bunker.
After the death of Hitler, the Second World War came to an end and the Nazi party was also fizzled away.